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Current Affairs on General

Current Affairs 8 April 2015

On 7 April 2015, After the launch of National Air Quality Index by the Prime minister Narendra Modi on 6 April 2015, the National Green tribunal (NGT) orders ban on which type of vehicles which are over 10 years old in Delhi?: All diesel vehicles 

Explanation: The tribunal said that diesel is prime source of air pollution in Delhi and that air quality in the city was so alarming that people were even being advised to leave Delhi due to adverse effects on health. Thus in view of the harmful effects of diesel, countries like Brazil, China, Denmark were in the process or are in the process of prohibiting diesel vehicles and imposing stringent taxes on these vehicles. In November, the green tribunal had banned the use of all vehicles that were more than 15 years old. It had directed authorities to take appropriate steps in accordance with law including seizing such vehicles.

On 7 April 2015, TRAI has proposed which single number for all kind of emergency services in India? 112

Explanation:  In recommdation from TRAI, similar to the '911' all-in-one emergency service in the US, government can integrate all existing emergency numbers such as 100, 101, 102 and 108 into the proposed '112' helpline number as the single emergency number for India. People will be able to make calls on 112 from their mobile or landline phones even if their outgoing call facility has been debarred or the service is temporarily suspended. TRAI also recommended setting up of Public Safety Answering Points (PSAP) to handle people's call in distress. Under the new system, the regulator has asked government to set up Response Management System under PSAP which will coordinate for dispatch of emergency service. The PSAP is suggested to have various systems, including a facility to automatically direct incoming calls to a free call taker and location tracking system having an interface to plot incoming location information on a map showing all nearby landmarks and resources and display on a monitor. TRAI has also recommended that BSNL may be directed to set up or hire and maintain infrastructure (data centre) wherein the subscriber database provided by all telecom operators is installed and updated.

In a move that will benefit over 1 crore central government employees and pensioners, the government on 7 April 2015 hiked the dearness allowance by 6 percent. Thus now with increase of 6% reaches to what percentage?: 113 percent

Explanation: The decision benefiting 48 lakh government employees and 55 lakh pensioners would lead to an outgo of Rs 7,889.34 crore in the current fiscal. The increase is in accordance with the accepted formula based on the recommendations of the 6th Central Pay Commission and will be effective from January 2015, the DA will now stand at 113 percent of the basic pay. In September 2014, the Modi-government had hiked the rate of DA by 7 percent from the then existing of 100 percent of the basic pay and was effective from July 1, 2014. However, this increase bring more criticism in regards to recent farmers issue where agriculture was destroyed because of natural calamity and central government is yet to decide the compensation figure for the farmers in the effected states.

 The Union Cabinet in a meeting chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 7 April 2015 gave its approval to amendments proposed in the Real Estate (Regulation and Development) Bill, 2013, which is pending in the Rajya Sabha. The bill seeks benefit/ protection to which section of the people?: Home buyers from unscrupulous developers

Explanation: This is one of the major step seen towards the protection of the common people money who were often get looted by the un-authorized  or unscrupulous developers. The Bill was introduced in the Rajya Sabha in August 2013, and then referred to a Parliamentary Standing Committee, which had submitted its report in February 2014. Here are the 10 points about this bill:

1)The Real Estate Bill provides for the establishment of one or more 'Real Estate Regulatory Authority' in each State/Union Territory (UT) for oversight of real estate transactions.

2) Developers have to mandatorily register the projects with the Real Estate Regulatory Authority. Real estate agents who intend to sell any plot, apartment or building also have to get themselves registered with the authority.

3) The bill is expected to ensure greater accountability of developers towards consumers and significantly reduce frauds and delays, the government said in a statement.

4) The proposed initial bill was applicable for residential real estate. It is now proposed to cover both residential and commercial real estate.

5) It also establishes a fast-track dispute resolution mechanism through adjudication and establishment of a Real Estate Appellate Tribunal.

6) Developers have to mandatorily disclose the details of registered projects like layout plan, plan of development works, land status, and status of statutory approvals.

7) The bill spells out the duties of developers, including obligations regarding veracity of the advertisement for sale or prospectus, rectification of structural defects and refund of money in cases of default.

8) Under the bill, allottees or buyers have the right to obtain stage-wise time schedule of project, claim possession as per promoter declaration and get refund with interest and compensation in case of default by the promoter.

9) Promoters have to compulsorily deposit 50 per cent (or lesser percentage as notified by the authority) of the amounts realised for the real estate project from the allottees in a separate account in a scheduled bank within a period of fifteen days to cover the cost of construction to be used for that purpose. This is aimed at preventing developers from diverting money raised from allottees.

10) Under the bill, promoters are barred from altering plans, structural designs and specifications of the plot, apartment or building without the consent of two-third allottees after disclosure. However, minor additions or alterations are allowed due to architectural and structural reasons.

Current Affairs 7 April 2015

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 6 April 2015 launched the National Air Quality Index. The purpose of this index is to inform the public about air quality in a simple and an easily understandable form and thus would enhance public awareness and involvement in air quality improvement. The service will launch currently in 10 Cities then in couple of years in 20 state capital and 46 cities with how many population? Over 1 Million

Explanation:  The AQI may prove to be a major initiative for improving air quality in urban areas as it would enhance public awareness and involvement and create a competitive environment among cities to take steps for air pollution-mitigation, Thus Centre for Science and Environment (CSE), which has been demanding adoption of an AQI for a long time. The AQI has been developed by the Central Pollution Control Board in consultation with IIT-Kanpur and an expert group comprising medical, air-quality professionals and other stakeholders. After this launch PM then addressed the inauguration of the two day Conference of Environment and Forest Ministers of States and Union Territories. The AQI has been at present launched for 10 cities -- Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, Lucknow, Varanasi, Faridabad, Ahmedabad, Chennai, Bangalore and Hyderabad. There are six AQI categories, namely: Good, Satisfactory, Moderately polluted, Poor, Very poor and Severe. The index considers eight pollutants - PM10, PM2.5, NO2, SO2, CO, O3, NH3 and Pb). The likely health implications of the six categories would also be provided with a colour code. In this conference report on Tiger census was also presented to the Prime Minister.

Posted on: 07th April 2015 Read complete Article →

The Bharatiya Janata Party on 6 April 2015 has celebrated its foundation day, days after it emerged as the largest political party in the world. Thus party has claimed how many member has they created to become the world’s No.1 political party?: Over 9 Million

Explanation: The BJP was formally formed in 1980, its origins can be traced to the formation of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh, popularly known as the Jan Sangh, by Syama Prasad Mookerjee in 1951. The Jan Sangh merged with the Janata Party in 1977, but the experiment was short-lived as the BJP was spun off as a separate party on 6 April 1980 with Atal Bihari Vajpayee as its president. On 6 April 2015 BJP celebrated its 35 years of existence. Vajpayee became the longest serving non-Congress prime minister. He was in office for 2,272 days over three terms however the BJP's golden day’s has come under the leadership of Narendra Modi. The party won a record 282 seats in the 16th general election-the first to win a majority in 30 years.

The 108th birth anniversary of Babu Jagjivan Ram was observed on 5 April 2015. He was a freedom fighter and a social reformer hailing from which state?: Bihar

Explanation: His birth anniversary day is observed as 'Samata Diwas' as he believed in bringing equality among all in the society. Vice president Hamid Ansari paid floral tribute at his Samadhi- Samta Sthal. Former Speaker of Lok Sabha and Babu Jagjivan Ram's daughter Meira Kumar also paid homage to the activist and politician.

What is the number of the anti-corruption helpline launched on 5 April 2015 by Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal, which on 6 April received an overwhelming response of over twelve thousand calls?: 1031

Explanation: 1031 is the number of the new anti-corruption helpline launched in Delhi. On its first day of operation it received as many as 12,731 calls. The call centre location has been kept secret by the state authorities and all complaints are being forwarded to anti-corruption branch.

Current Affairs 6 April 2015

Which Four Indian cities have emerged as popular choices among globetrotters as these tourist attractions have featured in the TripAdvisor top 25 destination in Asia on 5 April 2015?: Jaipur, New Delhi, Mumbai and Jaisalmer

Explanation:  Pink city Jaipur has been ranked 12th in the list, followed by New Delhi (15th), financial capital Mumbai featured (20th) and Jaisalmer (22nd), according to the 2015 TravelLers' Choice Asia list for Destinations by global travel site TripAdvisor. These Indian cities are rich in history, culture and beauty and offer something for all kinds of travelers. Siem Reap, Cambodia, topped the list followed by Hanoi (Vietnam), Ubud (Indonesia), Bangkok (Thailand), Kathmandu (Nepal), Hong Kong (China).

Posted on: 06th April 2015 Read complete Article →

Malli Mastan Babu who went missing on 24 March 2015 between Chile and Argentina and later whose death news came few days ago was associated with which sector?: Mountaineering

Explanation: Malli Mastan Babu was the first person from Andhra Pradesh to scale Mt. Everest in the Himalayas and among the one of India’s top mountaineers, went missing on 24 March 2015 after he went on a climb up the high mountains between Argentina and Chile in South America. His body was found in the Andes mountain ranges in Chile by the helicopter search teams on 3 April. He was regarded as the fastest “7 summiteer” in the world, that is, fastest to climb summits in all seven continents. 

Posted on: 06th April 2015 Read complete Article →
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