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Critical Thinking

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Critical Thinking

Self Introduction of the presenter

Story Aasmaan Gira rha hai..

Synopsis:-A forest rabbit is always nervous. He jumps and gets scared at the slightest sound and movement. Once thw sound of a big leaf fallingscares him halg to death. A naughty fox shouts “The sky is gfalling run” to poke fun of rabbit. The poor rabbit thinks it to be true and creates panic in the jungle and scares other animals....

What is the story all about?? From audience

Slide 1. Why do YOU study for degree?

To get employed, job? for just being educated? Or coz of your parents pressure? Hmmm think and answer??

Slide 2. Do you agree with the statement

“Some people study all their life and at their death they have learnt everything except to THINK”

Why???????? Coz they think they know everything

Video of tara zameen per conversation of teacher and father

Slide 3. Do you agree WHY imagination so important?

I need input from you my learned friends!

As Elbert Einstein rightly said and I also firmly believe that an Imagination is more important than knowledge.

Imagine If you could talk to trees, what do you think they might say? Create a 2 minutes conversation between you and a tree in a form of dialogues.  Here comes the situation of role play and Pretend Play. Two/Three of the Volunteers can come and one or two act like TREE and other as Human Being.

Imagination gives wings to THINKING!!

Slide #4. What is THINKING?

Why doesn’t she like me? Why doesn’t he like me? As you start asking questions and seek answers, you are in fact thinking!! Thinking is a purposeful organized cognitive process that we use to make sense to our world. It can be Critical Thinking/ Creative Thinking.

OMG what is this CRITICAL THINKING now? Take Ideas from participants?

Well in layman language if I have to describe, I will say to think differently with different perspective. Famous motivational writer & speaker, Mr Shiv Khera also quoted Different people think differently, out of the box using one’s own mind, logic, thoughts, ideas, facts, knowledge and passion. Most of the time I also use this sentence in my school APPLY YOUR MIND DEARIES!!

Slide#5.  Definition of Critical thinking

Critical thinking means making reasoned judgements that are logical and well thought out. It is a way of thinking where you don’t simply accept any argument or conclusion you are exposed to rather have an attitude involving questioning to such arguments and conclusions. It requires wanting to see what is the other document or evidence you have to support an argument or conclusion.

Slide#6. People who often use Critical Thinking are the ones who think RED

1.      Recognize assumptions:-How do you know that?

2.      Evaluate Arguments;- Is this conclusion based on evidence or gut feelings?

3.    Draw Conclusion:- Come to the conclusion with  other possibilities.

 

Slide#7

Skill 1: Inference & Observation

What it Means: Having the ability to understand the information you are being presented with and being able to communicate the meaning of that information to others.

Application Exercise: Write down 10 emotions you feel can be paired with facial expressions, e.g. smiling equals happiness. Then give your list to a friend and ask them to randomly recreate each facial expression as you attempt to interpret the correct emotion simply by looking at their face. How many can you correctly identify?

As an Ice Breaker, You can wear emotions you use regularly on whatzapp .. anxiety, fear, anger, sadness, envy, pain, boredom, surprise, relief, anguish....

So my dear friends we have to observe carefully, in particular their faces to detect emotions. When you can identify how your kids are feeling, you can respond accordingly and meet their needs. Hence you job justified and you can sleep peacefully.

 

Skill #2: ANALYSIS:- Comprehension, Organization and selection of facts and ideas

Video of Chak de India

What it Means: Having the ability to connect pieces of information together in order to determine what the intended meaning of the information was meant to represent.

Thats what Sharukh khan was analysing in that critical situation and how he connects with Vidya that we call spiritual science (The Secret)

Application Exercise: To practice this skill, try to determine the meaning behind this Chinese Proverb: “Be the first to the field and the last to the couch.” Are you able to identify the intended meaning behind this statement? While we all analyze information a little differently, you should have been able to determine that this proverb is referencing having a hard work ethic.

Skill #3: Interpretation

What it Means: Having the ability to understand and recognize what elements you will need in order to determine an accurate conclusion or hypothesis from the information you have at your disposal.

Picture yourself as a concerned parent/teacher; you are looking at your wards annual report card and you noticed that his grades have decreased. As parent/teacher/mentor it’s important for you to be able to understand what additional information you may need in order to determine why that happened, including identifying different reasons like child’s emotional need, physical health, physochological state of mind, new friends added to list, family atmosphere, everything is accountable and needed to be assessed even economic conditions. The ability to understand the information you already have and determine what you may still need to find the best solution is an important skill for you to have no matter what career field you are in.

Application Exercise:  Try watching an episode of a weekly crime show. Focus on absorbing the clues in an effort to determine the mystery of who completed the crime during the episode. These shows do a fantastic job of dropping clues and bits of information along the way that can help you make an educated guess prior to the end of the episode. Were you able to identify it correctly?

 Skill #4: Evaluation/ Judgement

What it Means: Being able to evaluate the credibility of statements or descriptions of a person’s experience, judgment or opinion in order to measure the validity of the information being presented.

Imagine you are School Head and need to rectify discipline issues held in the class during recess amongst the group of the students who are involved. You ask the group a few questions that uncover several reasons about that particular problem. For example You will need to use this RESTORATIVE JUSTICE SKILL to evaluate those responses, so you can determine if the information you received is valid and whether or not it needs to be further looked into.

Ø  What Happened?

Ø  How did it happen?

Ø  What part did you play in it?

Ø  How were you affected by it?

Ø  Who else was affected by what you did?

Ø  What can you do to repair the harm?

Ø  What do you need to make it right?

It ends with self realisation this is what we are looking forward in our upcoming generation.

Skill #5: Explanation

What it Means: Having the ability to not only restate information, but add clarity and perspective to the information, so it can be fully understood by anyone you are sharing it with.

Imagine you are giving two presentations for new product ideas in Education; one to the Chairperson of the School, and the other to teachers. You know both groups are extremely interested in hearing what you have to say, but you will need to be able to explain these ideas in two very different ways. The Chairperson may only need to hear high level ideas and cost effectiveness about the new concept in the Education while the teachers will need more specific details in the form of workshop or orientation program. Your ability to clearly explain your ideas while keeping in mind who you are presenting to is important for making sure the information is understood and well received.

Application Exercise: It’s important to remember not everyone has or needs the knowledge or information you have. Use your kids and your spouse since they typically will not have the same level of knowledge of certain subjects. For example, explain to your kids and your spouse separately how a cell phone works. The explanation should be different since they have two different levels of knowledge yet both of them should receive a similar understanding of the subject.

Skill #6: Self-Regulation

What it Means: Having the awareness of your own thinking abilities and the elements that you are using to find results.

Imagine you are on the phone with a customer attempting to work through a problem they are having with your company’s software, and it’s your first week on the job. The problem they are having is complex, and yet, you still want to assist them in order to make a good impression at work.  Your ability to understand that perhaps transferring them to a coworker with more knowledge on the subject is the best way to provide the customer with a positive result.

Application Exercise: It’s important to be able to separate your own personal biases or self-interests when making decisions at work. Let’s imagine your manager asks you to write down 10 reasons why you deserve a raise prior to an annual review. After you complete your reasons, read through each and focus on identifying your own potential biases that may impact your argument. Awareness of these biases will help you generate a much stronger case for getting a raise.

So the next time someone starts talking to you about developing critical thinking skills for your career, hopefully now you will be able to tell them you know what they are, how they are used in the workplace and how to go about continually developing them for the future.

Slide #7. Summary of Critical Thinking

Additionally in broader sense, we can say Critical Thinking is divided in to three core life skills

1.      CURIOSITY:- Desire to learn more information and seek evidence as well as being open to new ideas.

2.      SKEPTICISM:-It involves having healthy questioning attitude about new information that you are exposed to, rather than blindly believing what everyone else is saying on everything.

3.      HUMILITY:-It is the most important aspect of Critical thinking as life skill. It is an ability to admit that your opinions and ideas are wrong when faced with new convincing evidence that states otherwise. It makes one more humble which is one of the most important characteristic of an individual.

Slide# 8. To promote critical thinking we need to ask good questions and get good answers…

Slide #9.  Diagram of Characteristics of Good questions.

Slide #11.Good question should be based on PBL(Project based Learning), using stories, providing choice, creating an atmosphere for questioning, providing question stems  with BUG(Being unusually good) Incentive

Slide 12.  As we are 21st century teachers lets try and create 21 out of box ideas on Critical Thinking with good questioning skills.

Thank You Let’s make a difference together…

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